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Commissioning machines with the CLI

Intro ~ Configuration ~ DHCP ~ Commissioning ~ Deployment ~ jq Tricks ~ SSH/SCP ~ More jq Tricks ~ MAAS CLI Walkthru

In order to deploy machines, I've got to create some, plain and simple, and then commission them. Normally, I'd do that with the UI, but for this exercise, I'm going to attempt it with the CLI.

maas admin machines create
 > architecture=amd64
 > mac_addresses=52:54:00:15:36:f2
 > power_type=virsh
 > power_parameters_power_id=f677a842-571c-4e65-adc9-11e2cf92d363
 > power_parameters_power_address=qemu+ssh://stormrider@192.168.123.1/system
 > power_parameters_power_pass=xxxxxxxx

Success.
Machine-readable output follows:
{
    "storage": 0.0,
    "tag_names": [],
    "special_filesystems": [],
    "memory": 0,
    "boot_disk": null,
    "virtualblockdevice_set": [],
    "hardware_info": {
        "system_vendor": "Unknown",
        "system_product": "Unknown",
        "system_family": "Unknown",
        "system_version": "Unknown",
        "system_sku": "Unknown",
        "system_serial": "Unknown",
        "cpu_model": "Unknown",
        "mainboard_vendor": "Unknown",
        "mainboard_product": "Unknown",
        "mainboard_serial": "Unknown",
        "mainboard_version": "Unknown",
        "mainboard_firmware_vendor": "Unknown",
        "mainboard_firmware_date": "Unknown",
        "mainboard_firmware_version": "Unknown",
        "chassis_vendor": "Unknown",
        "chassis_type": "Unknown",
        "chassis_serial": "Unknown",
        "chassis_version": "Unknown"
    },
    "address_ttl": null,
    "memory_test_status": -1,
    "other_test_status_name": "Unknown",
    "osystem": "",
    "status_message": "Commissioning",
    "netboot": true,
    "physicalblockdevice_set": [],
    "node_type": 0,
    "cpu_test_status": -1,
    "memory_test_status_name": "Unknown",
    "bcaches": [],
    "storage_test_status": 0,
    "system_id": "bhxws3",
    "status": 1,
    "commissioning_status": 0,
    "power_type": "virsh",
    "locked": false,
    "numanode_set": [
        {
            "index": 0,
            "memory": 0,
            "cores": []
        }
    ],
    "bios_boot_method": null,
    "fqdn": "ace-swan.maas",
    "node_type_name": "Machine",
    "hostname": "ace-swan",
    "volume_groups": [],
    "testing_status": 0,
    "network_test_status": -1,
    "other_test_status": -1,
    "interface_test_status": -1,
    "hwe_kernel": null,
    "blockdevice_set": [],
    "testing_status_name": "Pending",
    "power_state": "unknown",
    "min_hwe_kernel": "",
    "owner": "admin",
    "distro_series": "",
    "storage_test_status_name": "Pending",
    "cpu_speed": 0,
    "swap_size": null,
    "cpu_test_status_name": "Unknown",
    "hardware_uuid": null,
    "architecture": "amd64/generic",
    "pool": {
        "name": "default",
        "description": "Default pool",
        "id": 0,
        "resource_uri": "/MAAS/api/2.0/resourcepool/0/"
    },
    "cache_sets": [],
    "pod": null,
    "iscsiblockdevice_set": [],
    "disable_ipv4": false,
    "status_action": "",
    "boot_interface": {
        "name": "eth0",
        "id": 10,
        "product": null,
        "system_id": "bhxws3",
        "effective_mtu": 1500,
        "children": [],
        "link_connected": true,
        "enabled": true,
        "interface_speed": 0,
        "numa_node": 0,
        "firmware_version": null,
        "parents": [],
        "discovered": null,
        "params": "",
        "links": [],
        "sriov_max_vf": 0,
        "tags": [],
        "type": "physical",
        "vlan": null,
        "vendor": null,
        "link_speed": 0,
        "mac_address": "52:54:00:15:36:f2",
        "resource_uri": "/MAAS/api/2.0/nodes/bhxws3/interfaces/10/"
    },
    "cpu_count": 0,
    "domain": {
        "authoritative": true,
        "ttl": null,
        "resource_record_count": 0,
        "name": "maas",
        "is_default": true,
        "id": 0,
        "resource_uri": "/MAAS/api/2.0/domains/0/"
    },
    "current_testing_result_id": 7,
    "default_gateways": {
        "ipv4": {
            "gateway_ip": null,
            "link_id": null
        },
        "ipv6": {
            "gateway_ip": null,
            "link_id": null
        }
    },
    "interface_set": [
        {
            "name": "eth0",
            "id": 10,
            "product": null,
            "system_id": "bhxws3",
            "effective_mtu": 1500,
            "children": [],
            "link_connected": true,
            "enabled": true,
            "interface_speed": 0,
            "numa_node": 0,
            "firmware_version": null,
            "parents": [],
            "discovered": null,
            "params": "",
            "links": [],
            "sriov_max_vf": 0,
            "tags": [],
            "type": "physical",
            "vlan": null,
            "vendor": null,
            "link_speed": 0,
            "mac_address": "52:54:00:15:36:f2",
            "resource_uri": "/MAAS/api/2.0/nodes/bhxws3/interfaces/10/"
        }
    ],
    "status_name": "Commissioning",
    "commissioning_status_name": "Pending",
    "owner_data": {},
    "ip_addresses": [],
    "raids": [],
    "network_test_status_name": "Unknown",
    "description": "",
    "current_commissioning_result_id": 6,
    "interface_test_status_name": "Unknown",
    "current_installation_result_id": null,
    "zone": {
        "name": "default",
        "description": "",
        "id": 1,
        "resource_uri": "/MAAS/api/2.0/zones/default/"
    },
    "resource_uri": "/MAAS/api/2.0/machines/bhxws3/"
}

And just like that, it's already commissioning, just as if I'd created it from the UI. A lot of parameters there are a little hard to discover: They may be somewhere in the documentation, or perhaps they're buried in one of the "read" outputs. I used the help and a couple of other commands to discover the "power pass" parameter, for example, though I later found it somewhere else in the documentation. Doc is always a work in progress, I guess.

Commissioning by CLI

So now I have a machine in the "Ready" state, but I'd like to get familiar with commanding MAAS to commission it via the CLI. All I really need for that is the system ID, which is the last parameter in the "resource uri" above. But just for grins, let's go ahead and retrieve the system ID using the CLI. There's only one, so I don't have to worry about any other cross-referencing on this machine:

 maas admin machines read | jq '.[] | .hostname, .system_id'
"ace-swan"
"bhxws3"

Okay, now I can use that system ID to commission the machine via the CLI:

maas admin machine commission bhxws3
Success.
Machine-readable output follows:
{
    "storage_test_status_name": "Pending",
    "bcaches": [],
    "cpu_count": 1,
    "interface_set": [
        {
            "params": "",
            "numa_node": 0,
            "tags": [],
            "id": 10,
            "mac_address": "52:54:00:15:36:f2",
            "vendor": "Red Hat, Inc.",
            "children": [],
            "effective_mtu": 1500,
            "discovered": [],
            "links": [],
            "link_speed": 0,
            "link_connected": true,
            "system_id": "bhxws3",
            "enabled": true,
            "interface_speed": 0,
            "firmware_version": null,
            "name": "ens3",
            "sriov_max_vf": 0,
            "product": null,
            "vlan": {
                "vid": 0,
                "mtu": 1500,
                "dhcp_on": true,
                "external_dhcp": null,
                "relay_vlan": null,
                "fabric": "fabric-2",
                "primary_rack": "8dwnne",
                "name": "untagged",
                "id": 5003,
                "space": "undefined",
                "secondary_rack": null,
                "fabric_id": 2,
                "resource_uri": "/MAAS/api/2.0/vlans/5003/"
            },
            "parents": [],
            "type": "physical",
            "resource_uri": "/MAAS/api/2.0/nodes/bhxws3/interfaces/10/"
        }
    ],
    "network_test_status_name": "Unknown",
    "numanode_set": [
        {
            "index": 0,
            "memory": 985,
            "cores": [
                0
            ]
        }
    ],
    "locked": false,
    "hardware_uuid": "F677A842-571C-4E65-ADC9-11E2CF92D363",
    "default_gateways": {
        "ipv4": {
            "gateway_ip": null,
            "link_id": null
        },
        "ipv6": {
            "gateway_ip": null,
            "link_id": null
        }
    },
    "status_action": "",
    "status_message": "Commissioning",
    "cpu_test_status_name": "Unknown",
    "memory_test_status": -1,
    "virtualblockdevice_set": [],
    "pool": {
        "name": "default",
        "description": "Default pool",
        "id": 0,
        "resource_uri": "/MAAS/api/2.0/resourcepool/0/"
    },
    "current_testing_result_id": 9,
    "current_installation_result_id": null,
    "netboot": true,
    "description": "",
    "special_filesystems": [],
    "testing_status": 0,
    "memory": 1024,
    "current_commissioning_result_id": 8,
    "storage": 5368.70912,
    "commissioning_status": 0,
    "cpu_test_status": -1,
    "tag_names": [
        "virtual"
    ],
    "memory_test_status_name": "Unknown",
    "swap_size": null,
    "status_name": "Commissioning",
    "other_test_status": -1,
    "pod": null,
    "storage_test_status": 0,
    "blockdevice_set": [
        {
            "id_path": "/dev/disk/by-id/ata-QEMU_HARDDISK_QM00001",
            "size": 5368709120,
            "block_size": 512,
            "tags": [
                "ssd"
            ],
            "serial": "QM00001",
            "uuid": null,
            "numa_node": 0,
            "available_size": 5368709120,
            "id": 3,
            "partition_table_type": null,
            "model": "QEMU HARDDISK",
            "path": "/dev/disk/by-dname/sda",
            "storage_pool": null,
            "used_for": "Unused",
            "filesystem": null,
            "system_id": "bhxws3",
            "used_size": 0,
            "partitions": [],
            "name": "sda",
            "type": "physical",
            "resource_uri": "/MAAS/api/2.0/nodes/bhxws3/blockdevices/3/"
        }
    ],
    "other_test_status_name": "Unknown",
    "distro_series": "",
    "testing_status_name": "Pending",
    "ip_addresses": [],
    "address_ttl": null,
    "system_id": "bhxws3",
    "physicalblockdevice_set": [
        {
            "firmware_version": "2.5+",
            "serial": "QM00001",
            "uuid": null,
            "numa_node": 0,
            "available_size": 5368709120,
            "size": 5368709120,
            "tags": [
                "ssd"
            ],
            "id": 3,
            "partition_table_type": null,
            "id_path": "/dev/disk/by-id/ata-QEMU_HARDDISK_QM00001",
            "model": "QEMU HARDDISK",
            "path": "/dev/disk/by-dname/sda",
            "storage_pool": null,
            "used_for": "Unused",
            "filesystem": null,
            "system_id": "bhxws3",
            "used_size": 0,
            "partitions": [],
            "name": "sda",
            "block_size": 512,
            "type": "physical",
            "resource_uri": "/MAAS/api/2.0/nodes/bhxws3/blockdevices/3/"
        }
    ],
    "fqdn": "ace-swan.maas",
    "osystem": "",
    "domain": {
        "authoritative": true,
        "ttl": null,
        "resource_record_count": 0,
        "name": "maas",
        "id": 0,
        "is_default": true,
        "resource_uri": "/MAAS/api/2.0/domains/0/"
    },
    "boot_interface": {
        "params": "",
        "numa_node": 0,
        "tags": [],
        "id": 10,
        "mac_address": "52:54:00:15:36:f2",
        "vendor": "Red Hat, Inc.",
        "children": [],
        "effective_mtu": 1500,
        "discovered": [],
        "links": [],
        "link_speed": 0,
        "link_connected": true,
        "system_id": "bhxws3",
        "enabled": true,
        "interface_speed": 0,
        "firmware_version": null,
        "name": "ens3",
        "sriov_max_vf": 0,
        "product": null,
        "vlan": {
            "vid": 0,
            "mtu": 1500,
            "dhcp_on": true,
            "external_dhcp": null,
            "relay_vlan": null,
            "fabric": "fabric-2",
            "primary_rack": "8dwnne",
            "name": "untagged",
            "id": 5003,
            "space": "undefined",
            "secondary_rack": null,
            "fabric_id": 2,
            "resource_uri": "/MAAS/api/2.0/vlans/5003/"
        },
        "parents": [],
        "type": "physical",
        "resource_uri": "/MAAS/api/2.0/nodes/bhxws3/interfaces/10/"
    },
    "hostname": "ace-swan",
    "network_test_status": -1,
    "min_hwe_kernel": "",
    "power_state": "off",
    "interface_test_status_name": "Unknown",
    "owner_data": {},
    "volume_groups": [],
    "power_type": "virsh",
    "node_type": 0,
    "owner": "admin",
    "cache_sets": [],
    "architecture": "amd64/generic",
    "hwe_kernel": null,
    "zone": {
        "name": "default",
        "description": "",
        "id": 1,
        "resource_uri": "/MAAS/api/2.0/zones/default/"
    },
    "disable_ipv4": false,
    "boot_disk": {
        "firmware_version": "2.5+",
        "serial": "QM00001",
        "uuid": null,
        "numa_node": 0,
        "available_size": 5368709120,
        "size": 5368709120,
        "tags": [
            "ssd"
        ],
        "id": 3,
        "partition_table_type": null,
        "id_path": "/dev/disk/by-id/ata-QEMU_HARDDISK_QM00001",
        "model": "QEMU HARDDISK",
        "path": "/dev/disk/by-dname/sda",
        "storage_pool": null,
        "used_for": "Unused",
        "filesystem": null,
        "system_id": "bhxws3",
        "used_size": 0,
        "partitions": [],
        "name": "sda",
        "block_size": 512,
        "type": "physical",
        "resource_uri": "/MAAS/api/2.0/nodes/bhxws3/blockdevices/3/"
    },
    "status": 1,
    "iscsiblockdevice_set": [],
    "raids": [],
    "node_type_name": "Machine",
    "hardware_info": {
        "system_vendor": "QEMU",
        "system_product": "Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996)",
        "system_family": "Unknown",
        "system_version": "pc-i440fx-focal",
        "system_sku": "Unknown",
        "system_serial": "Unknown",
        "cpu_model": "Intel Core Processor (Skylake, IBRS)",
        "mainboard_vendor": "Unknown",
        "mainboard_product": "Unknown",
        "mainboard_serial": "Unknown",
        "mainboard_version": "Unknown",
        "mainboard_firmware_vendor": "SeaBIOS",
        "mainboard_firmware_date": "04/01/2014",
        "mainboard_firmware_version": "1.13.0-1ubuntu1",
        "chassis_vendor": "QEMU",
        "chassis_type": "Other",
        "chassis_serial": "Unknown",
        "chassis_version": "pc-i440fx-focal"
    },
    "commissioning_status_name": "Pending",
    "bios_boot_method": "pxe",
    "interface_test_status": -1,
    "cpu_speed": 0,
    "resource_uri": "/MAAS/api/2.0/machines/bhxws3/"
}

And that's it, it's that easy. It takes a minute to get all the parameters together to create a new machine, but it doesn't seem that difficult to me. I guess now it's time to acquire and deploy my commissioned machine.


Copyright (C) 2020,2021 by Bill Wear.
All rights reserved.
Last updated 2021-07-23 Fri 09:50.